As the coronavirus continues to evolve and become even more virulent, there are many unanswered questions as there has been no proper clinical or scientific studies that have been conducted on it yet with regards to its properties etc as the 2019-nCoV coronavirus only made its maiden debut in December 2019.
There are questions about how long a virus like the coronavirus, may survive outside a host ie on surfaces.
The influenza virus may survive anything between 5 hours up to 7 days on another surface with respect to the environment temperature and humidity whereas noroviruses that typically attack the gastrointestinal tract, may survive up to a month on surfaces even in hot and dry conditions and may withstand most disinfectants.
Typically most respiratory viruses like the coronavirus favour a cooler temperature.
There's been no studies done so far on the brand new coronavirus or also on the SARS virus, its ?close cousin? in relation to how long it could survive outside on surfaces.
It is wrong to assume that the coronavirus can only just remain active for a few hours on surface as suggested by one health organization via its online site, that's claiming it?s the leading source of details on the coronavirus when there is no scientific proof that. Should anyone get infected as a result of conditions unlike their advice, they should not hesitate to sue that organization in court for disseminating information that's not yet ascertained scientifically thus causing harm.
Viruses typically are not really living organisms per se. They are complex bio-molecules that need a living cell to end up being active.
In order to be safe, as we even now do not really understand how long these coronavirus may survive on surfaces, its best to disinfect areas that have lots of connection with people whether they are showing signs of having been infected or not.
One good way to do this is by deploying ozone gas.
Ozone gas has been proven to kill the SARS coronavirus and because the structure of the brand new 2019-nCoV coronavirus is almost identical to that of the SARS coronavirus, it really is relatively safe to say that it will work on the brand new coronavirus though it must be noted that there surely is no studies to date except one that is current ongoing n China at the Institute of Virology In Hubei in relation to this. Progress of this study has shown that it works and the study should be concluded by the end of this week and officially released in the journal Virology.
There are a lot more than 17 scientific tests that show Ozone gas will be able to destroy the SARS coronavirus.
Ozone is a naturally occurring gas created from oxygen atoms. The oxygen molecule comprises of 2 oxygen atoms. These oxygen molecules are broken into atoms by the corona discharge during lightning storms or by UV light from sunlight. Single oxygen atoms cannot exist alone without regrouping back to di-atomic oxygen molecules. During this recombination stage some atoms will regroup into loosely bonded tri-atomic oxygen. This new molecule is called Ozone or O3.
Ozone generators have the ability to make ozone from normal air and so are normally used as room disinfectants.
The antipathogenic effects of ozone have been substantiated for a number of decades. Its killing action upon bacteria, viruses, fungi, and in many species of protozoa, serve as the foundation for its increasing make use of in disinfecting municipal water supplies in cities worldwide.
Typically, viruses are small, independent particles, built of crystals and macromolecules. Unlike bacteria, they multiply only within the host cell. Ozone destroys viruses by diffusing through the protein coat in to the nucleic acid core, leading to damage of the viral RNA. At higher concentrations, ozone destroys the capsid or exterior protein shell by oxidation.
Numerous groups of viruses including poliovirus We and 2, human rotavruses, Norwalk virus, Parvoviruses, and Hepatitis A, B and non-A non-B are among numerous others that are vunerable to the virucidal actions of ozone.
Most research efforts on ozone's virucidal effects experience centered upon ozone's propensity to break apart lipid molecules at sites of multiple bond configuration. Indeed, once the lipid envelope of the virus can be fragmented, its DNA or RNA core cannot survive.
Non-enveloped viruses (Adenoviridae, Picornaviridae, namely poliovirus, Coxsachie, Echovirus, Rhinovirus, Hepatitis A and E, and Reoviridae (Rotavirus), have also begun to be studied. Viruses that don't have an envelope are called "naked viruses." They are constituted of a nucleic acid core (manufactured from DNA or RNA) and a nucleic acid coat, or capsid, manufactured from protein. Ozone, however, apart from its well-recognized action upon unsaturated lipids, may also connect to certain proteins and their constituents, namely amino acids. Indeed, when ozone touches capsid proteins, protein hydroxides and protein hydroxides and protein hydroperoxides are formed. Viruses haven't any protections against oxidative stress.
The enveloped viruses are often more sensitive to physico-chemical challenges than are naked virions. Although ozone's effects upon unsaturated lipids can be one of its best documented biochemical action, ozone may connect to proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids.
The new coronavirus can be an enveloped virus.
There are plenty of types of Ozone generators available from huge machines that costs a few thousand US Dollars to simple ones that are being sold online from shoppe, lazada etc for as low asThai Baht 350. or around US$10. They are normally used to clean vegetables etc but can also be used to disinfect small room of sizes about 25 to 30 sqm.There are also many shops and online shops in Thailand selling these ozone generators.
A portable ozone generator that are being sold online
Typically ozone generators should only be used by trained personnel as ozone is dangerous to humans. It could destroy your cells lining the mouth area, nasal pathways as well as your lungs. It has the capacity to cause cell mutations and cause cancer. And for those with othe underlying disease, brief exposure to it could be dangerous.
When using the small ozone generators for small room disinfection, be sure you have a timer and never be in the area when the machine is on. The machine should be operated with windows closed no living thing in the area including pets for approximately 10 to 15 minutes. (these small machines experience a lesser ozone volume output, consequently a longer period is preferred.) Usually do not go in to the room for at last 3 hours and upon entering, wear a mask and open all windows and air the area for about 15 minutes initial before stepping back in.
(PS: OZONE IS NOT TO End up being USED TO TREAT ANY DISEASE OR End up being CONSUMED OR INHALED AT ALL AS IT IT REALLY IS DANGEROUS, IT REALLY IS ONLY USED TO DISINFECT AREAS)
For more updates about the China coronavirus epidemic or the Thailand Coronavirus scenario, continue checking at: https://www.thailandmedical.news/articles/coronavirus
G?rard V. Sunnen, SARS and Ozone Therapy: Theoretical Considerations, http://www.triroc.com/sunnen/topics/sars.html (2003)
Ozone therapy: A clinical review
A. M. Elvis and J. S. Ekta
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SARS: CLEARING THE AIR
Jerome J. Schentag, Pharm. D., Charles Akers, Ph.D., Pamela Campagna, and Paul Chirayath.
Development of a Practical Way for Using Ozone Gas as a Virus Decontaminating Agent
James B. Hudson ,Manju Sharma &Selvarani Vimalanathan